There are about 15 types of wine bottles in all, each in its own unique form and dimensions. The smallest of these is the Split bottle, which holds one quarter of the amount that a standard-sized 750 ml wine bottle can hold, (around 187.5 ml). Typically used for containing sparkling wine and Champagne, it stands at around 7 ½” tall and have a width of 2 ½”.
As previously mentioned, the Standard wine bottle can contain 750 ml, and is the most widely-sold wine bottle size. It measures around 3” at its base and ranges in height from 11 ½” to 12”.
The Magnum can hold 1 ½ liter of wine, two times the amount that a standard bottle can hold. Used for Boudreaux, Burgundy and Champagne, magnum bottles vary in shape and size depending on the wine and the brand. Most magnums, however, stand at approximately 14” tall and about 4” wide at its bottom.
The Double Magnum contains 3 liters, which is equal to 4 standard-size bottles. Used for wine, Champagne and sparkling wine, it is only slightly taller and wider than a typical magnum bottle.
From this point, the larger-sized wine bottles are named after kings in the Bible. First up is the Jeroboam, which is capable of holding 4 ½ liters, the equivalent of 6 standard wine bottles. Containing wine, Champagne and sparkling wine, its average dimensions are around 19 ½” tall with a diameter of 5”. The Rehoboam can likewise hold 4 ½ liters, and has basically the same dimensions as the Jeroboam. It is mainly used to contain Champagne.
The Methuselah can contain 6 liters of wine, which is approximately 8 standard wine bottles. One of the biggest wine bottle sizes, it measures about 22” tall. The Salamanzar can hold 9 liters, the equivalent of 12 standard wine bottles, and measures just above 2’. The Balthazar contains 12 liters, equal to 16 standards, and stands at around 28”.
The Nebuchadnezzar is another large wine bottle size. It has an average size of about 31”, which can hold around 16 liters (equal to 20 standards). The Melchior is even larger (and rarer) capable of containing 18 liters (equal to 24 standards).
Other large wine bottle dimensions include the Solomon, which holds 20 liters, equal to 27 standard wine bottles. The Sovereign can hold about 25 liters, the equivalent of 33 1/3 standard bottles.
The Primat is the second-largest wine bottle, containing 27 liters, equal to 36 standard bottles. But the distinction of largest wine bottle goes to the Melchizedek, whose size is apparently so legendary that its very existence is subject to speculation. Myth or not, it is said to be able to hold 30 liters, the equivalent of a staggering 40 standard bottles of wine.