Italy, more formally known as the Italian Republic, is a country situated in Europe. Its capital and largest city is Rome which played a huge part in the country’s political history.
It is estimated that the square miles of Italy is somewhere around 116,347 which is equivalent to roughly about 301,338 square kilometers.
It has a population of around 60.4 million and is twenty-third on the list of countries with the most number of inhabitants.
Rome on the other hand, is deemed as the most populous city in Italy, with a population of approximately 2.7 million.
Most parts of Italy enjoy temperate climate throughout the year, giving residents mildly warm days in summer and mildly cool nights during the cold season.
What To See and Do
Italy is teeming with magnificent architectural works of art where influences of ancient Roman art and the Renaissance Period are evident. Among these architectural masterpieces are the Colosseum in Rome, which was originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre; the Milan Cathedral; Florence Cathedral and the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Tourists visiting Italy for the first time could be overwhelmed by all the beautiful monuments scattered all over the country – about one hundred thousand of them in all. These include churches, museums, art galleries, palaces and archeological ruins; among many others.
Masterpieces by Italy’s most beloved and famous artists are also abundant in the many art galleries and museums here. Some of the most notable and influential artists hailing from Italy are Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Fra Angelico, Caravaggio and Donatello.
Travelers can indulge their palates on authentic Italian pizza, pasta, wine and cheese. Different regions in the country have their own special recipes for these popular Italian cuisines.
For instance, in Piedmont, their famous cheese is what is called fondutta and they serve this with eggs and truffles. For their pasta, it’s agnolotti stuffed pasta.
In Lombardy, their famous dish is risotto alla Milanese which is rice with saffron while Veneto’s pride is the risi e bisi which is soup with rice and peas.
Traditional festivals play an important role in Italy’s rich religious history. The Calendimaggio which is held in Sicily celebrates the Holy Week based on rituals dating as far back as the Medieval Period.
Feast days of the various patron saints of different provinces in Italy are the most abundant. During these celebrations, residents pay homage to their patron saint whom the faithful believe to have watched over them over the years granting abundance in harvest and performing miracles for the devotees.