The typical clarinet size is 26 1/4 inches. The bass clarinet is much bigger at 54 1/4 inches long. In use since the 1600s, these instruments have been refined to suit the needs of the times. The following are some of the most common types and their sizes.
Clarinet in C
These instruments usually measure 26 3/4 inches (68 cm). This variant is best utilized by children. While the size is compact, the pitching is excellent. An adult novice would also do well to use this type. The sounds produced will be akin to the violin or piano. This clarinet size is one of the most popular types sold today.
Sopranino Clarinet in D
The typical size is 180 mm. They usually weigh 0.1 kg or less.
Basset Clarinet in A
The dimensions are 9.3 by 6.2 by 1.3 inches. A few other models measure 2 x 10 x 2 (L x H x W). Many of them weigh about 0.31 lbs. This instrument is not widely used and not widely available.
The typical bassette horn measures 12 to 15 inches (30 to 38 cm). Older versions have a bent appearance. However, the contemporary models are straight. This piece was actually used by Mozart is his “Requiem”.
Alto Clarinet in E-flat
Many of these measure 11.8 by 8.6 by 0.3 inches. A few other models have dimensions of 30.2 x 22.9 x 0.3 centimeters. This instrument is popular owing to its many features. The sound is full and clear and it blends in with other instruments. When playing this device, some people utilize a strap or floor peg.
Other Information about the Clarinet
Different materials are used to make these instruments. But the most commonly used are African blackwood or granadilla wood. Some models are created to produce low sounds. Other models are used to produce high sounds.
Keep in mind that the term clarinet is used to refer to the single musical device and the family of instruments. These are grouped with the woodwinds. All of these devices however, are utilized in bands and orchestras.
While the devices have different features, the fingering system is all alike. The device was actually invented by Johann Christoph Denner towards the end of the 17th century. Diferent variants would appear through the years.
Aside from the different clarinet sizes, there are two keywork systems used, the German and French. However, the physical designs vary depending on the manufacturer.