Known as a deciduous tree that is categorized under the subgenus Amygdalus, the peach tree is commonly grown in regions with cold climate because it has a chilling requirement. This tree grows in areas with temperatures between -26 to -30 degrees Celsius. Some of the countries that are popular for producing peaches are Greece, Spain, Italy, France and China. The top producers of the tree in the United States include South Carolina, California and Georgia. Many countries cultivate the tree for culinary as well as ornamental uses. To know how to grow the tree, it is best to know the various peach sizes.
The Sizes of Peach
What are the sizes of peaches? The height of the peach tree is around four meters to 10 meters. Semi-dwarf cultivar of the tree has a height of three meters to four meters while the dwarf cultivar is two meters to three meters long. The tree has lanceolate leaves, which are two centimeters to three centimeters broad and seven centimeters to 16 centimeters long. The color of the flowers produced by the tree is pink and the diameter is 2.5 centimeters to three centimeters. The average diameter of the peach fruit is two centimeters. The fruit has a single seed, which has a length of 1.3 centimeters to two centimeters.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
Peaches are rich in vitamin C, which is why many people eat the fruit because it can enhance the immune system. Aside from this vitamin, the fruit contains potassium and iron, which are important to the hemoglobin formation. These minerals are also important to fight various illnesses like anemia. Patients who suffer from acute or chronic constipation should include the fruit in their diet plan since it is rich in dietary fiber needed to stimulate the digestive system. Peaches contain phytonutrients, which prevent the growth of cancer cells in the body. Additionally, the fruit has lutein that prevents the development of eye diseases.
When cultivating the tree, it is essential to plant it in a place without high winds because it can damage the tree. To stimulate the growth of the species, it is best to apply fertilizer in the soil every March and May. Remove trees that are damaged by pests or plant diseases because these can hinder the growth of other trees. To prevent pests from damaging the trees, cover peaches with net. It is important to harvest peaches before the fruits ripen. Store the fruits in a cool, dark and dry place.