The geographic coordinates are 31 30 N, 34 45 E. The land boundaries are 1,017 km. The nations bordering it are Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The coastline is 273 km. The territorial sea is 12 nm.
The lowest point is the Dead Sea at -408 m. The highest point is 1,208 m at Har Meron. The land use is as follows: permanent crops: 3.88%, arable land: 15.45% and others 80.67%. The irrigated land is 1,940 sq km.
Population Size of Israel
The country’s total population is 7,026,000 million. Of these, 5,639,000 or 76% are Jews, 1,387,000 (20%) are Arabs and the others make up the 306,000 (4%). Note: this population estimate includes the settlers in East Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Golan Heights.
26.3% are aged 0-14 years old (female 815,619 / male 855,054); 63.9% are aged 15-64 years (female 2,016,647 / male 2,044,135); 9.8% of the population is over 65 years old (female 353,991 / male 266,671).
The median age is 28.8 years for males and 30.5 years for females. The total is 29.6 years. The population growth rate is 1.8%. The birth rate is 17.97 births/1,000 population, while the death rate is 6.18 deaths/1,000 population.
The life expectancy is 77.33 years for males and 81.7 years for females. For the entire population it is 79.46 years. The religions are 76.5% Jewish, 15.9% Muslim, 1.7% Arab Christian, 0.4% Christian, 1.6% Druze and 3.9% unspecified.
Economic Facts and Figures
The GDP growth rate is 4.7%. The GDP per capita is $22,300. The labor force is 2.42 million. The unemployment rate is 8.9%. The electric production is 44.24 billion kWh and the electric consumption is 39.67 billion kWh. The oil production is 2,740 bbl/day.
Its exports total $40.14 billion and the imports $43.19 billion. The total foreign exchange and gold reserves is $29.69 billion (as of 2005). The external debt is $73.87 billion. There are 1,069,088 Internet users.
The sizes of Israel’s transportation are as follows. The railways total 640 km and the roadways 17,237 km. The highways total 16,903 km. The gas pipelines are 140 km and the oil pipeline is 1,509 km. As of 2005, there are 51 airports in the country.