The fastest private airplane is the Gulfstream G650. It has a maximum speed of Mach 0.925. This is equivalent to 982 km/h, 610 mph or 530 knots).
The long range cruise speed is Mach 0.85 (488 kn, 562 mph, 904 km/h). The fast cruise speed is Mach 0.90 (516 kn, 595 mph, 956 km/h). The G650 has a range of 7,000 nautical miles (8,050 mi, 12,960 km) for long range cruises. For the fast cruise it is 5,000 nmi (5,750 mi, 9,260 km). The service ceiling is 51,000 ft (15,500 m). The cabin pressurization is 10.7 psi. The wing loading is 77.7 lb/ft2.
The fastest private airplane is operated by two pilots. It can seat 11 to 18 passengers. The payload is 6,500 lb (2,950 kg). The wingspan is 99 ft 7 in (30.36 m). The G650 is 99 ft 9 in (30.41 m) long. The plane has a height of 25 ft 4 in (7.72 m). The aspect ratio is 7.7.
The wing area is 1,283 ft2 (119.2 m). The max takeoff weight is 99,600 lb (45,200 kg). The plane has two Rolls-Royce Deutschland BR725 turbofan, 16,100 lbf (71.6 kN) each. The wing sweep is 36 degrees and the maximum landing weight is 83,500 lb (37,876 kg).
The plane was built by Gulfstream Aerospace. Development began in 2005 and was publicly announced in 2008. It is Gulfstream Aerospace’s largest and fastest private jet.
Development and Design
The G650 has many features. it includes a kitchen and a bar. The plane also has several entertainment features. Some of the highlights include wireless Internet and satellite phones.
In spite of its features, the jet weighs less than 45,360 kg (100,000 lbs). This allows the Gulfstream G650 to use smaller airports and avoid the congested ones.
The aircraft has an oval fuselage. Compared to the standard circular cross-section, the oval shape helps with internal volume use. The fuselage is made of metal.
Composite material is utilized for the cabin floor structure, engine cowlings and rear pressure bulkhead. The same materials are used for the winglets and empennage. The cabin is 6 feet 5 inches (1.96 m) high and 8 feet 6 inches wide.
The fastest private airplane had its maiden flight on November 25, 2009. The company also reported that the plane hit Mach 0.995 during the flight tests. Over 1,500 hour flight tests were done before 2008 ended.