The most prevalent barns are the loafing sheds, in-line barns, gabled buildings, and RCA barns. They come in different sizes.
RC Barn Size
The total dimensions of the first two stalls for RC barns are 12 feet x 3 3/8 inches. There is a space between these two stalls. The space is usually 11 feet x 11 inches.
Unless there is a design change, the 3rd and 4th stalls have the same measurements as stalls one and two. The typical RC barn measures 36 feet x 5 ¾ inches in total. The number of stalls in barns varies. Some have four, while others have six, ten or twelve.
Other Barn Dimensions
The dimensions of a gabled building are as follows. The roof height from the upper stalls has to be from 2 to 12 ft. The door has a height of 12 feet. An in-line barn measures 49 feet x 1 ½ inches. For the loafing shed it is 36 feet x 10 inches or 12 feet x 3 3/8 inches.
Uses and Features
Farmers also use the barn as a storage room. If there is enough space it can be used to house farm vehicles as well. A barn can have a silo, a drive bay, a tack room and feeding room.
A barn can also have an indoor corral, grain bin or millhouse. Not all barns have these. The barn dimensions and function will determine what aspects are to be included.
Other agricultural buildings may be used by farmers besides the barns mentioned. These include the threshing barn, the tithe barn and the Dutch barn.
The combination barn is prevalent in England and used in pastoral farms. The threshing barn is employed for cereal processing and storage. These have big double doors and a small door as well.
Material and Construction
The most common materials used for barn construction are lumber sawn and timber. Other barns use plywood or galvanized steel. Typically the upper section is used to keep the hay and grain.
Most of the barns constructed are linked to the farmhouse. Trap doors are staples in traditional barns because of their usefulness in putting in animal feed in the barn.
Other Characteristics of Barns
Barns usually have pens of varying sizes to house different kinds of animals. The big ones are the stalls and they are used for the large animals. The tack room is where the saddles are stored.
The feed room is a common feature in old barns. In contemporary barns, the feed is found in the stackyard. The silo is present if there is fermented grain in the farm.
The reason for the different barn dimensions, as can be seen, is due to its different functions. The purpose of the barn has to be established first so the appropriate size can be chosen.