Also known as maize, corn is a domesticated grass that originated in Mesoamerica and proliferated in the North America and South America before the 15th century. The grass proliferated in the other parts of the world in the 16th century. At least 150 million hectares in the world were planted with corn in 2007. The top producers of maize include the United States, China, Brazil and Mexico. Maize is planted for human consumption since it is considered as a staple food in various countries. If you want to cultivate maize in your place, it is beneficial to learn the different corn sizes.
The Various Sizes of Corn
The average height of maize is 2.5 meters and the stems can reach two centimeters to three centimeters. The length and width of the lower leaves of the grass are approximately 50 centimeters to 100 centimeters. The growth rate of the grass is 3 millimeters a day. The height of maize depends on cultivars or varieties. Some cultivars of the grass can reach a height of seven meters. The corn ear has 200 to 400 kernels. The usual length of the corn ear is 10 centimeters to 25 centimeters.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
The corn has protein content that is essential to improve our health conditions. Some of the nutrients that people can get from eating maize are potassium, magnesium, niacin and thiamine. In addition to these, corn contains vitamin C, folate and vitamin A. Because it is rich in vitamins and nutrients, maize is recommended to those who have problems with their health.
Some of the diseases that can be prevented with the regular consumption of corn are peripheral vascular disease, stroke and heart attack. In addition to these illnesses, maize is also helpful in reducing the risk of colon cancer. Maize has high thiamine content, which is important to stimulate the brain functions. It is also essential to prevent the development of Alzheimer’s disease.
To grow corn successfully in your place, it should be planted in a place with full sunlight. The soil where the seeds will be planted should have a pH level of 6 to 6.8. The soil should be well drained and moisture retentive. Mulch the soil after sowing the seeds. Apply liquid fertilizer onto plants when its height reaches 25.4 centimeters to stimulate growth. Harvest corn when the color of the husks of the plant becomes dark green. Do not forget to store maize in a cool and dry place.