Broccoli is a nutritious vegetable that belongs to the Brassicaceae family. The vegetable has green and thick flower heads. The stalk and the head of the vegetable are the edible parts. The appearance of the plant is similar with cauliflower. Broccoli can be steamed or boiled. In addition, the vegetable can be eaten raw. Stir frying and microwaving are other ways of preparing the vegetable. Because of the nutritional value of the vegetable, many people cultivate it in their backyards. To grow the plant successfully, it is best to have ideas about the different broccoli dimensions.
The Dimensions of Broccoli
What are the broccoli dimensions? The diameter of the head of the vegetable is between 3 to 5 centimeters. The length of the stalk is about 2 to 6 centimeters. The other varieties of the plant have larger heads and stalks. One of the popular cultivar of the plant is the calabrese, which is commonly grown in Great Britain. The diameter of the head of calabrese is around 10 to 20 centimeters. The top 10 producers of broccoli in the world include China, United States, Spain, France, Mexico and Poland.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
Like cauliflower, broccoli is rich in nutrients and minerals needed by our body. The vitamins present in the vegetable include vitamin B6, vitamin C and vitamin A. The other nutrients that we can get from including broccoli in our diet are beta carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, calcium and magnesium. Aside from these, the vegetable is a good source of dietary fiber, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, folate and iron.
Broccoli has compounds that are helpful in preventing the prognosis of some types of cancer like prostate cancer. Additionally, it is important to prevent the etiology of heart diseases. The vegetable contains 3,3′-Diindolylmethane, which can modulate the innate immune response system.
The varieties or cultivars of broccoli include the Romanesco broccoli, which is usually grown in European countries such as Italy. If you are planning to grow broccoli in your backyard, you should select the area with good drainage. It is also essential that the area have full sunlight. Make sure that the place has moist soil.
To grow the plant successfully, you need to apply compost as well as rotted manure in the soil before planting broccoli. This plant grows well when cultivate in soil with the pH level of 6.2 to 7.2. It is important to start planting the vegetable half month before frost.